Strengths and challenges of community-based clinical training as viewed by academics at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Background. Community-based education (CBE) is seen as a valuable tool in transforming health professions education by aligning clinical training with graduate competencies and needs of the health system. However, academics involved in the implementation have varied views.
Objectives. To explore the experiences and views of academics involved in community-based training in the College of Health Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.
Methods. This qualitative study used interviews and focus group discussions consisting of a purposively selected sample of academics. The interviews were audio taped, transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis.
Results. Three main themes emerged from the data analysis: the strengths of CBE, challenges experienced in implementation and academics’ suggestions concerning challenges. The strengths included benefits to the institution, students, health system and communities. The main challenges experienced were insufficient support from the institution and the Department of Health (DoH). Suggestions were made by academics to overcome these challenges.
Conclusion. The study indicates that CBE is perceived as an important pedagogical approach in transforming health professions education, as it can align clinical training with the business plan of the university and the needs of the health system. However, for the successful implementation of CBE, full support from the university and the DoH is required.
I Moodley, Discipline of Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
S Singh, Discipline of Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
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Date published: 2018-07-06
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